Leanne's Research

Sunday, October 22, 2006

The Comparison between German and Taiwanese High School Students Learning English as a Foreign Language.



By Chen, Shou Chen



Wenzao Ursuline College of Languages






I. Abstract
Since learning English is a requirement courses in high school both in Taiwan
and Germany. How students learning English as a foreign language of high school students here in Taiwan or in Germany will definitely be influenced according to their learning strategies, teaching method or even students themselves. However, is there something in common between their English learning? Or are there only differences between them? Therefore, in my research paper, I would like to discuss the comparison between how high school students in Taiwan and Germany learning English as a foreign language.

II. Proposal
After a summer in Germany, I found out that most of people in Germany can
speak English. However, I’ve also found some people from Taiwan; they have difficulties with speaking English. Since learning English is both a required courses in both Taiwanese and German high school, what makes English different or similar in the two different countries. Therefore, I would like to compare the difference and similarities between them. My hypothesis would be that German High School students will do better than Taiwanese students in vocabulary part. On the other hand, grammar part will be hard for both Taiwanese and German students.

III. Literature Review
According to Oxford and Nyikos (1989), they pointed out those learning
strategies will deeply influence how students learning English. Carls (1976), did a research about how some relevant words are similar in German and English. Therefore, I supposed that learning or to memorize English vocabulary is simpler for German students since some of the words are similar to each other.
IV. Method
In this research paper, I will examine how Taiwanese and German high school
students learning English, I will mainly focus on the vocabulary and grammar part. The study sample will be the high school students of 11 and 12 grade of both Taiwanese and German high school. I would ask high school students both in Taiwan and Germany to fill in a questionnaire about how they learn English especially focus how they learn English grammar and vocabulary. Then, I will give students a grammar and vocabulary test to see how Taiwanese and German high school students do on it and compare their result.

Sunday, October 15, 2006

Annotated Bibilography


1.Oxford, R., & Nyikos, M. (1989). Variables Affecting Choice of Language Learning Strategies. Modern Language Journal, 73,291-300.

http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0026-7902(198923)73%3A3%3C291%3AVACOLL%3E2.0.CO%3B2-O

This chapter is mainly talking about student’s learning strategies, and how effective learning strategies would affect students learning. There are also factors of related learning strategies.

2.
Polio, G. C. & Duff, A. P. (1994). Teachers' Language Use in University Foreign Language Classrooms: A Qualitative Analysis of English and Target Language Alternation. Modern Language Journal,78, 313-326.

http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0026-7902(199423)78%3A3%3C313%3ATLUIUF%3E2.0.CO%3B2-W


This chapter is talking real observation the classroom of teaching and learning English as a foreign language.

3.
Horwitz, K. E. (1988). The Beliefs about Language Learning of Beginning University Foreign Language Students. Modern Language Journal, 72, 283-294.

http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0026-7902(198923)73%3A3%3C291%3AVACOLL%3E2.0.CO%3B2-O

In this article, the author discuss about variable affecting choices of learning strategies. Also that using appropriate learning strategies will enhance students to take their responsibilities of learning.

4.
Flege, E. J. (1988). Factors affecting degree of perceived foreign accent in English sentences. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of AmericaJames Emil Flege, 84, 70-79

http://scitation.aip.org/getabs/servlet/GetabsServlet?prog=normal&id=JASMAN000084000001000070000001&idtype=cvips&gifs=yes

This article is mainly about how Chinese students learning English, more focused on their pronunciation.


5.
Eck, I. (2003). Schriftliche Planung der unterrichtspraktischen Prüfung gem. 59


http://wwwcs.uni-paderborn.de/schulen/sem/downloads/eck.pdf

This article is a study of high school student learning English by reading poetry.


6.
Bister-Broosen, H. (1998) “Sprachkontakte und Sprachattitueden Jugendlicher im Elsass und in Baden : Vergleichende soziolinguistische Untersuchungen in Colmar (Frankreich)und in Freiburg und Muellheim“, Peter Lang.

In this book, it talks about how people in Freiburg learning language.

7.
Carls, U. (1976). Das Problem der sprachlichen Interferenz, dargestellt am Deutschen und Englischen. Zeitschrift für Anglistik und Amerikanismus, 24, 119-123.

In this article, they studies how relevant words of the comparison between German and English and also how they are similar from each other.

8.
Koenigs, F. (2003). Teaching and Learning Foreign Languages in Germany: a personal overview of developments in research.

This book is talking about how foreign languages such as English has been taught or learned in Germany.

9.
Vester, Frederic. (1978). Denken, Lernen, Vergessen: Was geht in unserem Kopf vor, wie lernt das Gehirn, und wann läßt es uns im Stich?

This book is talking about the learning strategies, why people think and learn but also forget very fast.

10.
Zapp, J. (1983). Sprachbetrachtung im lexikalisch-semantischen Bereich; eine Hilfe beim Zweit- und Drittsprachenerwerb..

This book is talking about language learning in linguistic, for example, semantic point of view.

Sunday, October 08, 2006

References

1.
Oxford, R., & Nyikos, M. (1989). Variables Affecting Choice of Language Learning Strategies. Modern Language Journal, 73,291-300.

http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0026-7902(198923)73%3A3%3C291%3AVACOLL%3E2.0.CO%3B2-O

2.
Polio, G. C. & Duff, A. P. (1994). Teachers' Language Use in University Foreign Language Classrooms: A Qualitative Analysis of English and Target Language Alternation. Modern Language Journal,78, 313-326.
http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0026-7902(199423)78%3A3%3C313%3ATLUIUF%3E2.0.CO%3B2-W

3.
Horwitz, K. E. (1988). The Beliefs about Language Learning of Beginning University Foreign Language Students. Modern Language Journal, 72, 283-294.

http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0026-7902(198923)73%3A3%3C291%3AVACOLL%3E2.0.CO%3B2-O

4.
Flege, E. J. (1988). Factors affecting degree of perceived foreign accent in English sentences. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
James Emil Flege, 84, 70-79

http://scitation.aip.org/getabs/servlet/GetabsServlet?prog=normal&id=JASMAN000084000001000070000001&idtype=cvips&gifs=yes

5.
Schimitt, B.H., Pan, Y., Tavassoli, N. (1994). Language and Consumer Memory: The Impact of Linguistic Differences between Chinese and English. Journal of Consumer Research,21, 419-431

http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0093-5301(199412)21%3A3%3C419%3ALACMTI%3E2.0.CO%3B2-V

Reference

1.
Variables Affecting Choice of Language Learning Strategies by University Students Rebecca Oxford, Martha NyikosModern Language Journal, Vol. 73, No. 3 (Autumn, 1989), pp. 291-300doi:10.2307/327003

2.
Teachers' Language Use in University Foreign Language Classrooms: A Qualitative Analysis of English and Target Language Alternation Charlene G. Polio, Patricia A. DuffModern Language Journal, Vol. 78, No. 3 (Autumn, 1994), pp. 313-326doi:10.2307/330110

3.
The Beliefs about Language Learning of Beginning University Foreign Language Students Elaine K. HorwitzModern Language Journal, Vol. 72, No. 3 (Autumn, 1988), pp. 283-294doi:10.2307/327506

4.
Foreign Language Study and SAT-Verbal Scores Thomas C. CooperModern Language Journal, Vol. 71, No. 4 (Winter, 1987), pp. 381-387doi:10.2307/328467

5.
A Review of Second Language Listening Comprehension Research Joan RubinModern Language Journal, Vol. 78, No. 2 (Summer, 1994), pp. 199-221doi:10.2307/329010

Sunday, October 01, 2006

Topic:
Comparison between how German and Taiwanese University Students Learn English as a Foreign Language.

Key Words:
1. methods of learning
2. foreign language
3. self-learning
4. e-learning
5. teaching English as foreign language
6. Language learning
7. TESOL



Questions:
1. When did they start to learn English?
2. By which method did the teachers use to teach English?
3. How long have they learned English?
4. The difficulties the students facing while learning English.
5. The advantages and disadvantage German and Taiwanese students will face?


Outline:
I. Introduction
A. How German University Student learn English.
B. How Taiwanese University Student learn English.
1. the difference
2. the similarity
II. The advantage and disadvantage of students will face.
A. From German University Students
B. From Taiwanese University Students
1. the advantages
2. the disadvantages
III. How they improve self-English learning
A. German student’s ways
B. Taiwanese students’ ways
1. difficulties they will face
2. the parts that they feel simple

IV. Conclusion


Thesis:
Since English becomes a global and international language, in this research, I would like to discuss comparison between how difference or similarities that Taiwanese and German University Students learning English as a foreign language.